Latin People in america have commonly embraced Pope Francis, the Argentine-born Jesuit bishop elected to lead the Catholic Church after Pope Benedict XVI resigned in 2013. Favorable views of this brand new pontiff prevail throughout the area, with two-thirds or even more of this populace in many nations expressing an optimistic viewpoint of Pope Francis as soon as the study had been carried out in late 2013 and early 2014.
Latin American Catholics are specially excited about Pope Francis, with clear majorities throughout the area rating him favorably. Certainly, in 14 associated with nations surveyed, at half that is least of Catholics state they will have a really favorable viewpoint of Francis.
Former Catholics, in comparison, are ambivalent concerning the pope that is new. Clearly negative views of Pope Francis are fairly uncommon among this team, but so can be overwhelmingly good responses, except in FrancisвЂ™ home country of Argentina. The jury is still out for many former catholics. In many places surveyed, a 3rd or higher of ex-Catholics either provide no opinion on Francis or volunteer that it’s too early to evaluate him.
The study additionally asked if the election of Pope Francis signals an important modification, a small modification or no modification at all when it comes to Catholic Church. Half or maybe more of Catholics in 16 of this nations polled see the choice regarding the previous Argentine bishop as a change that is major. Former Catholics are less specific; just in Argentina do up to half (53%) start to see the brand brand new pope as representing an important modification. As utilizing the popeвЂ™s overall favorability, significant percentages of previous Catholics state it’s too early to share with whether Francis represents much modification.
Aside from their assessments of whether modification is happening, numerous Catholics think some of these churchвЂ™s teachings should really be revised. A median of 66% of Catholics say the church should allow Catholics to use artificial means of birth control, and in Chile, Venezuela, Argentina and Uruguay, roughly eight-in-ten Catholics favor a change in church teaching on contraception for instance, across Latin America. Into the U.S., 72% of Hispanic Catholics think the Catholic Church should let the utilization of contraceptives.
There is also support that is substantial Latin American Catholics (a local median of 60%) for closing the churchвЂ™s prohibition on divorce proceedings. Once once Again, Catholics in Chile (82%), Uruguay (78%) and Argentina (77%) are being among the most expected to sound help for modification.
Catholics in Latin America are far more split regarding alterations in the priesthood. Over the national nations polled, a median of 48per cent of Catholics think priests must certanly be permitted to marry. a share that is similarlocal median of 42%) state the church should allow ladies to be ordained as priests. For each problem, many Hispanic Catholics in the U.S. benefit changing the Catholic ChurchвЂ™s conventional jobs: 59% state priests ought to be permitted to marry, and 55% think ladies must be entitled to provide into the priesthood.
Reputation for Religious Change
In 1910, a calculated 94% of Latin People in america had been Catholic, and just about 1% had been Protestant. But Catholics started declining as a share associated with regionвЂ™s population in the 1970s, relating to Brazilian and Mexican census information and historic quotes through the World Religion Database.
At the time of 2014, the brand new Pew Research Center study discovers that 69% of Latin Us americans identify as Catholic, while 19% belong to Protestant churches and 8% are consistently unaffiliated (atheist, agnostic or no specific faith). The residual 4% include JehovahвЂ™s Witnesses, Mormons, Muslims, Hindus, Jews, Spiritists and adherents of Afro-Caribbean, Afro-Brazilian or native religions, such as for instance Umbanda and Candomble. (start to see the glossary.)
Scholars of faith in Latin America provide a few feasible explanations that are sociological the increase of Protestantism, and specially its Pentecostal variation. One concept posits that PentecostalismвЂ™s compatibility with native religions enhanced its appeal among Latin Us citizens. By emphasizing individual connection with the divine through faith recovery, talking in tongues and prophesying, Pentecostalism draws people who share an affinity with native religions that traditionally incorporate opinions and techniques connected with direct communication aided by the вЂњspirit globe.вЂќ
Another possible description highlights the practical reasons why Pentecostalism could have gained an after . Pentecostals usually stress upward social and mobility that is economic thrift. Consequently, supporters of Pentecostalism may begin to see the faith much more conducive to financial success. 6 Historical estimates for individual Latin US nations underscore that the change far from Catholicism is just a reasonably current occurrence in many places. The estimates expose just two locations where experienced double-digit decreases in Catholic identity between 1910 and 1970: Chile (a decrease of 20 portion points) and Puerto Rico (a 13-point decrease). In Colombia, the portion recognized as Catholic really increased by 15 portion points between 1910 and 1970.
In comparison, the time scale between 1970 and 2014 is marked by significant decreases into the percentages of Catholics in the majority of associated with the countries surveyed вЂ“ ranging from the drop that is 47-point Honduras up to a 5-point decline in Paraguay.
The Pew Research Center formerly noted post-1970 decreases in Catholic identification in Brazil and Chile. (start to see the 2006 Pew Research report вЂњSpirit and energy: A 10-Country Survey of PentecostalsвЂќ and the 2013 report вЂњBrazilвЂ™s Changing landscape.вЂќ this is certainly religious
Concerning the study
This report is dependant on findings from the Pew Research Center survey carried out with good capital through the Pew Charitable Trusts while the John Templeton Foundation. The study happened October 2013 to February 2014 among nationally representative examples in 18 nations as well as the U.S. territory of Puerto Rico. Together, these nations and Puerto Rico significantly more than 95percent of this population that is total of America. The study had been carried out through face-to-face interviews in Spanish, Portuguese and Guarani. Sample sizes and margins of mistake by nation can be found below. To get more information, start to see the survey methodology.
Many Pew researching workers contributed development of this study and accompanying report. James Bell and Neha Sahgal had been the major scientists and the lead writers report. Alan Cooperman had been the lead editor. Steve Schwarzer, Fatima Ghani and Michael Robbins assisted design sampling plans, monitor field work and assess information quality. Ghani drafted Chapter 9 (Views of Pope Francis in addition to Catholic Church) and Juan Carlos Donoso drafted Chapter 8 (Religion and Science). Phillip Connor drafted the parts from the reputation for spiritual improvement in the spot. Cary Funk, Jessica Martinez, Juan Carlos Esparza Ochoa and Ana Gonzalez-Barrera assisted in questionnaire development; Martinez, Jill Carle, Kat Devlin, Elizabeth Sciupac, Claire Gecewicz, Besheer Mohamed and Angelina Theodorou assisted with number checking. Sandra Stencel, Michael Lipka and Aleksandra Sandstrom supplied editorial review and content modifying. Stacy Rosenberg, Bill Webster, Adam Nekola, Ben Wormald and Diana Yoo designed the graphics and online interactive presentation. Other people during the Pew Research Center whom contributed towards the report consist of Conrad Hackett, Mark Lopez, Claudia Deane, Michael Dimock, Anne Shi, Katie Simmons and Jessica Schillinger. Luis Lugo, previous manager of this centerвЂ™s Religion & Public lifetime Project, had been instrumental in conceiving the study and offered guidance throughout its execution.